Beer is synonymous with Germany, and obviously a major part of German culture. For many years German beer was brewed in adherence to the Reinheitsgebot order or law which only permitted water, hops and malt as beer ingredients until its repeal in 1988. The order also required that beers not exclusively using barley-malts such as wheat beer must be top-fermented. Since 1993, the production of beer has been governed by the Provisional German Beer Law which allows a greater range of ingredients and additives. Famous brewing cities have give the beer world individual beer styles: Koln, Munich, Bamberg, Dusseldorf and Liepzig.
German brewers have given the world of brewing now classic well known Wheat beer styles; Weizen Weisse beers, as well as the Kolsch, Helles and Pilsener beers. But there are many more styles of beer available beyond those listed above; Altbier, Spezial, Marzen Schwarzbier, Dunkles, Rauchbier, Doppelbocks and Eisbock. And the famous Fest beers, for the Oktoberfest. Oktoberfest is a 16–18 day festival held annually in Munich, Bavaria, Germany, running from late September to the first weekend in October. Only beer which is brewed within the city limits of Munich. Upon passing this criterion, a beer is designated Oktoberfest Beer.
The Germans are behind only the Czechs and the Irish in their per capita consumption of beer.